NOV. 28, 2015 gave his answers to 16 questions in the N.Y. Times regarding Climate Change. This Climate realist added his answer.
Answers to Question 1: How much is the planet heating up?
Justin Gillis answer to Question 2. How much trouble are we in?
“For future generations, big trouble.
The risks are much greater over the long run than over the next few decades, but the emissions that create those risks are happening now. Over the coming 25 or 30 years, scientists say, the climate is likely to resemble that of today, although gradually getting warmer. Rainfall will be heavier in many parts of the world, but the periods between rains will most likely grow hotter and therefore drier. The number of hurricanes and typhoons may actually fall, but the ones that do occur will draw energy from a hotter ocean surface, and therefore may be more intense, on average, than those of the past. Coastal flooding will grow more frequent and damaging.
Longer term, if emissions continue to rise unchecked, the risks are profound. Scientists fear climate effects so severe that they might destabilize governments, produce waves of refugees, precipitate the sixth mass extinction of plants and animals in Earth’s history, and melt the polar ice caps, causing the seas to rise high enough to flood most of the world’s coastal cities.
All of this could take hundreds or even thousands of years to play out, conceivably providing a cushion of time for civilization to adjust, but experts cannot rule out abrupt changes, such as a collapse of agriculture, that would throw society into chaos much sooner. Bolder efforts to limit emissions would reduce these risks, or at least slow the effects, but it is already too late to eliminate the risks entirely.”
My answer to question: 2. How much trouble are we in?
Answers to Question 3. Is there anything I can do?
Answers to Question 4. What’s the optimistic scenario?
Answers to Question 5. Will reducing meat in my diet help the climate?
Answers to Question 6. What’s the worst-case scenario?
Answers to Question 7. Will a tech breakthrough help us?
Answers to Question 8. How much will the seas rise?
Answers to Question 9. Are the predictions reliable?
Answers to Question 10. Why do people question climate change?
Answers to Question 11. Is crazy weather tied to climate change?
Answers to Question 12. Will anyone benefit from global warming?
Answers to Question 13. Is there any reason for hope?
Answers to Question 14. How does agriculture affect climate change?
Answers to Question 15. Will the seas rise evenly across the planet?