July 6, read through the Holy Bible in a year in Power-point, with comments.

Today we read the third chapter of the Apostle Paul’s second letter to the Corinthians and the first three chapters of Nehemiah.

July 6: 2 Corinthians 3, Nehemiah 1, Nehemiah 2, Nehemiah 3 (click on the chapter to begin reading)

2 Corinthians 3. Believers are Christ’s Epistle with the the spirit of the living God living within them.“The letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life” , that is the glory of the New Covenant, and “where the spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty

Nehemiah 1 records Nehemiah’s prayer.

Nehemiah 2. After some days of praying Nehemiah went to the King, told  the King why he was sad and was sent to Judah where he  viewed the wall of Jerusalem.

Nehemiah 3 retells the start of rebuilding the wall.

The case tor Thorium. 8. Produces isotopes that helps treat and maybe cure certain cancers.

For decades, medical researchers have sought treatments for cancer. Now, Alpha Particle Immunotherapy offers a promising treatment for many forms of cancer, and perhaps a cure. Unfortunately, the most promising alpha-emitting medical isotopes, actinium-225 and its daughter, bismuth-213, are not available in sufficient quantity to support current research, much less therapeutic use. In fact, there are only three sources in the world that largely “milk” these isotopes from less than 2 grams of thorium source material. Additional supplies were not forthcoming. Fortunately, scientists and engineers at Idaho National Laboratory identified 40-year-old reactor fuel stored at the lab as a substantial untapped resource and developed Medical Actinium for Therapeutic Treatment, or MATT, which consists of two innovative processes (MATT-CAR and MATT-BAR) to recover this valuable medical isotope.

July 5, read through the Holy Bible in a year in Power-point, with comments.

Today we read the second chapter of the Apostle Paul’s second letter to the Corinthians and finish up Ezra.

July 5: 2 Corinthians 2, Ezra 8, Ezra 9, Ezra 10 (click on the chapter to begin reading)

2 Corinthians 2. The Apostle Paul sent a very loving and  encouraging letter to the Corinthians. In it he emphasized they should be no more Sorrowful, forgive the offender and triumph in Christ.

Ezra 8 starts with a list of the heads of families who returned with Ezra. Ezra separated twelve priests to be temple servants and led in fasting and prayer for protection.  The people came with gifts for the temple as they returned to Jerusalem.

Ezra 9. Ezra prayed about Intermarriage with pagans and called it a sin according to the Law.

Ezra 10. The returning exiles made confession of improper marriages, and their pagan wives were put away.

The case for Thorium. 7. Thorium based nuclear power is not suited for making nuclear bombs.

 Thorium based Nuclear Power does not produce much Plutonium-239, which is the preferred material used in nuclear bombs. The higher Plutonium isotopes and other TRansUraniums are about as nasty as they get, need expensive protection against terror attacks, and need to be stored for a very long time.

One anecdote from my youth. The time had come to apply to University, and to my delight I was accepted to Chalmers’ University in Sweden as a Technical Physics major. I felt, maybe I can do my part by becoming a Nuclear Engineer and help solve the energy needs of the future. The Swedes at that time championed the heavy water – natural Uranium program together with the Canadians. Sweden is a non-aligned country, so it was not privy to any atomic secrets, it had to go it alone. They settled on the heavy water moderated natural Uranium process because Sweden had an ambition to produce its own nuclear bomb. Officially this was never talked about, and I was not aware of it at that time. They could have gone with Thorium instead, but a Thorium based nuclear reactor  produces very little Plutonium, and what it produces is nearly all Pplutonium-238, not fissile and as such not suitable for bomb making.

I was excited to learn about all the possibilities and signed up for a couple of nuclear classes. One lab was to design a safety circuit, then run the heavy water research reactor critical and hopefully watch the reactor shut down from the safety circuit before the system safety circuit shutdown. About that time the word came that U.S. will sell partially enriched uranium at bargain basement prices if Sweden agreed to abandon the heavy water project and sign the nuclear non-proliferation treaty, a treaty being formulated by U.N.

Sweden was in awe about U.N, all the problems of the world were to be solved through it, and it had such a capable General Secretary in Dag Hammarskjöld, a Swede. I looked at the light water, partially enriched Uranium nuclear power plants being developed and decided to have no part with it, not due to safety concerns but it was the design that produced the most nuclear waste of any of the available designs. At that time there was still optimism that fusion would be ready by about the year 2010 or so. The cost of maintaining spent fuel in perpetuity was never considered, so light water reactors became the low cost solution.

India on the other hand refused to join the nuclear non-proliferation treaty, kept their heavy water program going and had by 1974 produced enough plutonium for one nuclear bomb, which they promptly detonated. They still use heavy water moderated reactors, but since India is low on Uranium but rich in Thorium they have now converted one heavy water reactor to Thorium with a Plutonium glow plug. It went on-line in 2011.

They are also developing molten salt Thorium reactors, but full production is still a few years off.

There we have it. We could have gone with Thorium from the beginning, but the cold war was on, and the civilian peaceful use of nuclear energy was still all paid for by nuclear weapons research and development. Once all the bombs we could ever wish for were developed the greatest asset of nuclear power became its greatest liability.

First Lady Melania Trump at Mount Rushmore, A Limerick.

First Lady in dress on Mount Rushmore

from Central Saint Martin’s design floor,

where some girls got a chance

make designs, think of dance,

a dance of a lifetime, and much more.

https://http://www.papermag.com/alexander-mcqueen-dancing-girls-dress-2645945769.html

Some lucky design students at Central Saint Martins got the opportunity of a lifetime last year when Alexander McQueen enlisted their help to contribute in the making of its Spring 2020 collection.

Worn by British model Stella Tennant, Look 10 consisted of a white sleeveless midi dress featuring abstract line drawings of “dancing girls” that were done by the aforementioned students. (All of their names were credited in the show notes.)

Alexander McQueen gave PAPER a behind-the-scenes look at the making of this dress. The students’ dancing girl sketches were done on long white sheets during a life-drawing class led by fashion illustrator Julie Verhoeven at the brand’s flagship store in London.

Afterwards, creative director Sarah Burton enlisted the entire McQueen staff to hand-embroider and stitch over the sketches of a single ivory linen dress.

The Stitch School, a group that fosters community through needlework, provided the teams in London and Paris with specialist tables and looms so that every single person could contribute in the making of this look.

Tennant’s dress went on to inspire the dancing girls embroideries in Look 12: a blue linen dress with an open neckline and short, bulbous sleeves.

Between the school kids and her entire staff collaborating on this dress, it all amounted to the sense community spirit and togetherness that Burton championed this season. As she wrote in her show notes back then, “I love the idea of people having the time to make things together, the time to meet and talk together, the time to reconnect to the world.”

 

July 4, read through the Holy Bible in a year in Power-point, with comments.

Today we read the first chapter of the Apostle Paul’s second letter to the Corinthians  and three chapters of Ezra.

July 4: 2 Corinthians 1, Ezra 5, Ezra 6, Ezra 7 (click on the chapter to begin reading)

2 Corinthians 1. After Paul’s customary greeting he gave praise to the God of all comfort, which includes comfort in suffering and consolation from suffering. Paul told the Corinthians of his sincerity and his change of plans and of God sparing the Church.

Ezra 5. The restoration of the Temple was resumed.

Ezra 6 records the Decree of Darius and the Temple’s completion and dedication, after which the Passover was celebrated.

Ezra 7. Finally Ezra arrived in Jerusalem and the letter from Artaxerxes to Ezra is recorded .

The case for Thorium. 6. Radioactive waste from an Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor decays down to background radiation in 300 years compared to a million years for U-235 based reactors. A Limerick.

The nuclear waste meant for Yucca

would destine Nevada the sucka

But with Thorium we rid

us of waste that is hid

No need for that waste to be trucka!

Radioactive waste from an LFTR (Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor)  decays down to background radiation in 300 years instead of a million years for U-235 based reactors. Initially LFTRs produce as much radioactivity as an U-235 based nuclear reactor, since fission converts mass to heat, but the decay products have a much shorter half-life. See the figure below.

Where is the storage for spent nuclear fuel and other nuclear waste now? Look at the map, it is scary.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

And these are just the U.S. installations!

Many years ago I studied Engineering at Chalmers’ University in Sweden and I thought I would become a nuclear engineer. Sweden had at that time a peaceful heavy water based nuclear power program together with Canada and India. The advantage with heavy water as moderator is that it can use natural, un-enriched Uranium. One of the end products is of course Plutonium 239, the preferred material to make nuclear bombs, but it could also use Thorium, and the end product is then mostly Plutonium 238, used in space exploration, and we were dreaming big. One of the advantages of Thorium as fuel is that it produces about 0,01%  of trans-Uranium waste compared to Uranium as fuel. About that time the U.S. proposed we should abandon the heavy water program and switch to light water enriched Uranium based nuclear power. They would sell the enriched Uranium, and reprocess the spent fuel at cost. They also had the ideal final resting place for the radioactive waste products in Nevada. This was an offer the Swedish government could not refuse, at the height of the cold war. This was  in the 1960’s! India on the other hand did refuse, and they eventually got the nuclear bomb. Since that meant Sweden was never going to use Thorium as nuclear fuel, and I could not figure out how to get rid of all the radioactive waste products, I switched my attention back to control engineering.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What did President Trump mean with innovative approaches?

Is this where Thorium comes in!?

The case for Thorium. 5. Thorium nuclear power is only realistic solution to power space colonies.

Thorium nuclear power is the only realistic solution to power space colonies. To form space colonies, power has to be provided to sustain the colony. This means that Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors  (LFTR) have to be fully developed and operational here on earth before serious space colony development can even begin. It need to get started in earnest NOW!

Kirk Sorensen has provided an intriguing teaser on the cause for Thorium nuclear energy.

Watch it and enjoy!

July 3, read through the Holy Bible in a year in Power-point, with comments.

In between the Apostle Paul’s first and second letter to the Corinthians we read two Psalms and two chapters of Ezra.

July 3: Psalm 51, Psalm 52, Ezra 3, Ezra 4 (click on the chapter to begin reading)

Psalm 51, of David, written after Nathan confronted David after his adultery with Bathsheba. This Psalm explains fully, how God would say, after David was pointed out to be both an adulterer and a murderer: “He was a man after God’s own heart”.

Psalm 52, Of David. The Psalm is a contemplation of David, contrasting the final end of evil men with the rewards of the righteous.

Ezra 3. Worship was restored in Jerusalem and the restoration of the Temple began to great rejoicing, but also weeping.

Ezra 4. There arouse resistance to building the Temple and the rebuilding of Jerusalem was successfully opposed (for a while).

July 2, read through the Holy Bible in a year in Power-point, with comments.

In between the Apostle Paul’s first and second letter to the Corinthians we read two Psalms and the first two chapters of Ezra.

July 2: Psalm 49, Psalm 50, Ezra 1, Ezra 2 (click on the chapter to begin reading)

Psalm 49, of the Sons of Korah. This psalm is more of a teaching Psalm and give instruction on how to live and hope of salvation “But God will redeem my soul from the power of the grave, For He shall receive me

Psalm 50, of Asaph. God says “for every animal of the forest is mine,
    and the cattle on a thousand hills.” andSacrifice thank offerings to God,
    fulfill your vows to the Most High,
     and call on me in the day of trouble;
    I will deliver you, and you will honor me.

Ezra 1 begins with the end of the Babylonian captivity and Cyrus decree to rebuild the Temple. The people prepared to return to Jerusalem.

Ezra 2 lists the captives who returned to Jerusalem.