April 25, read through the Bible in a year.

Continuing with the Acts of the Apostles and two chapters in 1 Samuel.

April 25: Acts 6, 1 Samuel 14, 1 Samuel 15 (click on the chapter to begin reading)

Acts 6. To better serve the needs of widows seven people are chosen, among them Stephen. They will later be called deacons.  Stephen speaks boldly about Jesus in the Spirit and is seized and a trial begins.

In 1 Samuel 14  Jonathan Defeats the Philistines. Saul’s makes an oath that no one is allowed to eat until nightfall. Jonathan didn’t know that, so he ate, and Saul wanted to put Jonathan to death, but his men refused the King’s order, so Jonathan’s life was spared.

1 Samuel 15, the chapter where Saul is rejected as King.

April 24, through the Bible in a year.

Continuing with the Acts of the Apostles and three chapters in 1 Samuel.

April 24: Acts 5, 1 Samuel 11, 1 Samuel 12, 1 Samuel 13 (click on the chapter to begin reading)

Acts 5, Ananaias and Sapphira were lying to the Holy Spirit and fell down dead. This lead to great fear and great power in the Church. An Angel of the LORD came during the night and freed the Apostles that had been jailed the previous day. They go back to the Temple courts and get called in to the Sanhedrin again for the crime of preaching about Jesus, but Gamaliel give them good advice, they listen and after flogging the Apostles they let them go.

In 1 Samuel 11 King Saul rescues Jabesh Gilead. Then the people reaffirms Saul as King.

1 Samuel 12 contains Samuel’s speech at Saul’s coronation.

1 Samuel 13, the real trouble begins, Saul gives an unlawful sacrifice, so God will no longer fight for them, Saul’s kingship will be taken away and God will choose a king after his own heart. The weapons for the army are taken away from the Israelites and the Philistines take control the iron trade.

Penn State University; making world class engineers out of students, the Capstone course Showcase April 25.

After retiring twice from a career in analytical chemistry instrumentation and some computer chip manufacturing, an opportunity presented itself to join the Penn State University department of engineering and teach just one course, the Capstone course, the course I always wanted to teach. The task is to take students from different engineering disciplines, make them form a team of 4 or 5 students, and through excellent teamwork produce something of value to a sponsor in 15 short weeks, and in so doing have them be transformed into world class engineers.

This year one of the teams made a short video of their efforts, enjoy!

This is cutting edge practical research and development and prepares the engineers for the challenges of a truly multi-discipline development environment.

They will contribute to a better world!

The exhibit is Thursday April 25 in the Bryce Jordan Center and is open to the public from 1:30 to 3 P.M. It is to my knowledge the largest in the world of this type with nearly 200 exhibits, and it shows today’s engineering students at their best!

April 23, read through the Bible in a year.

Continuing with the Acts of the Apostles and two chapters in 1 Samuel.

April 23: Acts 4, 1 Samuel 9, 1 Samuel 10 (click on the chapter to begin reading)

Acts 4, Peter and John gets arrested and hauled before the Sanhedrin, get told not to speak about Jesus anymore. Their response? “Whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than unto God, judge ye. For we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard.” They were let go and continued telling about Jesus and his resurrection, and a good time was had by all, sharing all things.

1 Samuel 9, Saul  was a tall and handsome man, his father had lost some donkeys, so he sent Saul and his servant to look for them. Not finding them for 3 days they  go to the prophet Samuel, God tells Samuel to meet them, and so they meet up, and thus Saul was chosen to be King.

In 1 Samuel 10, Saul is Anointed King and proclaimed King over all Israel.

 

April 22, through the Bible in a year.

Continuing with the Acts of the Apostles and four chapters in 1 Samuel.

April 22: Acts 3, 1 Samuel 5, 1 Samuel 61 Samuel 7, 1 Samuel 8 (click on the chapter to begin reading)

In Acts 3 Peter heals a crippled man sitting at the Beautiful Gate with these words:  “Silver and gold have I none; but such as I have give I thee: In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth rise up and walk.” Then Peter preaches at Solomon’s Portico.

1 Samuel 5, the Ark of the LORD brings nothing but trouble to the Philistines.

So in 1 Samuel 6  the Ark is returned to Israel together with a guilt offering of five gold tumors and five golden rats.The Ark is brought back as far as toto Kirjath Jearim.

1 Samuel 7. Samuel grew up and became Judge over Israel. He subdued the Philistines at Mizpah, and there he raised his Ebenezer (stone of help). He judged Israel all the days of his life.

1 Samuel 8. Samuel’s sons were not following the Lord, so Israel Demanded a King. Samuel complained to the LORD, but He answered : Hearken unto their voice, and make them a king.”

Earth day 2019, a Limerick and some thoughts on why we need more CO2

It’s time for the annual Earth Day

to celebrate Lenin’s old birthday.

CO2, it is clean

Makes more food, makes it green.

Rejoice! Let us have a green mirth Day!

We are called to take care of ourselves, be good stewards of the Earth, and strive to leave it a better place than we entered it.

To do a good clean-up job takes a lot of energy. That is true for the whole Eco-system as well as the toilet bowl.

All our energy comes from the Sun in one way or another, except for nuclear energy. If the cosmic radiation changes, or the total energy output from the sun changes, or our polar orbit and attitude changes, all of these factors will lead to climate change. 95 percent of the time the earth is in an ice-age, interrupted by short warm periods. We are now at the bog-building phase of an interglacial period, which means, the next phase is another ice-age.

This warm period is unique since we are experiencing rapidly increasing levels of CO2. Will that cause a rise in temperatures rendering the earth uninhabitable, or will it prolong the warm period, or – will it hasten the arrival of the next ice-age?

According to 75 out of 77 ( the origin of the “97% of all”…. ) Climate Scientists that in the previous 5 years had published multiple, peer reviewed papers, paid for by their respective academic institutions, which in turn was paid for mostly by their governments, claim “The science is settled”, and we will experience a rapid climate change, rendering parts of the world uninhabitable, and a series of other calamities will befall us unless we take strong, immediate action to reduce the output of CO2 from burning fossil fuels.

But there are in excess of 30,000 other scientists that have signed up “Science is by no means settled” and CO2 is not a pollutant, but a life giving gas that is only a minor contributor to the temperature rise. Other factors are at least as important and we should concentrate on real pollution, clean air and clean water.

So, who is right?

The last ice age had lasted for over 50,000 years. The ice stretched over most of North America down to the Finger Lakes. Western Europe down to Mid Germany and extending into Western Siberia were also under heavy ice. For some reason Eastern Siberia and Western Alaska was not under heavy ice. The sea level was about 400 feet lower than today and then suddenly temperatures rose, and after a 300 to 500 years delay C02 levels rose from about 185 ppm, barely sustaining life up to about 280 ppm, after which CO2 levels stabilized and remained in a slight decline until recently.

I grew and went to school in Sweden. At that time the way Sweden exited the Ice age was taught in all schools, the signs from the ice age were everywhere. We learned the exit from the exit could be expressed with the acrostic BYAL, signifying four phases in the deglaciation. Here is the timeline (after the pictures of the Baltic)

10,000 years ago: The Baltic ice lake. Outflow through Oresund, Rapid ice melt, temperature about the same as today, CO2 280 ppm.

9000 years ago: The Yoldia Sea. As ice recedes, salt water enter for a short while until land rises to again form a lake. CO2 280 ppm. Temperatures slightly higher than today.

8000 years ago: The Ancylus lake. The outflow is first through Svea Alv, then as land rose the outflow switched to Oresund. Temperatures were higher than today. CO2 level 280 ppm. River flows at the emptying of the Ice lakes causes formation of  “giant kettles”,  an example of which is shown in the figure below:

The largest of Brobacka’s “jättegrytor”, with a diameter of 58 feet. This particular giant kettle might have been mostly formed by a stream under the ice cap while the ice was melting.

6000 years ago: Most of the inland ice has now melted, and the Oceans have risen to today’s level, so the Belts and Oresund open up and the Litorina Sea is formed. temperatures are higher than today, CO2 level was 280 ppm.

3500 years ago: The Minoan warming period. Temperatures much warmer than today. Elm, Hazel, Oak and Linden grew way up in the Bothnian bay, today the northern limit is about 250 miles further South. The CO2 level was 280 ppm.

2000 years ago: The Roman warming period. Great times up North. Wine grapes grew in the British Midlands, the Scandinavian population grew rapidly. CO2 level was still 280 ppm.

1500 years ago: Climate is turning colder, migrations out of the Nordic and Germanic countries. Harvest failures. CO2 level was constant at 280 ppm.

1200 years ago: Rapid depopulation, Bubonic Plague, failed harvests, mass starvation, climate turning much colder. CO2 level 280 ppm.

1000 years ago: Medieval warming period. Climate about one degree warmer than today. Leif Ericson sails to America. Cheese farms established on Greenland. CO2 level 280 ppm.

500 years ago: Little Ice age. Climate much colder than today. The Swedish army, including artillery crosses the Belts on ice in 1658. CO2 level 280 ppm.

Why am I going through all this? All these climate changes occurred with the CO2 level being constant at 280 ppm. The land in Northern Sweden is still recovering from the Ice age, and land is still rising out of the ocean at the rate of up to three feet per century. The temperature is still recovering from the little ice age, but is not yet back to the Medieval Warming period, much less the Roman warming period, not to mention the Minoan temperature optimum. The CO2 level has risen to 405 ppm, but CO2 is only a minor player in affecting Climate change.

As I have mentioned in a previous blog: https://lenbilen.com/2017/04/10/thanks-to-clouds-the-temperature-governor-is-alive-and-well-on-planet-earth/ clouds are the temperature regulators, and it will do us well to concentrate on the real threats to our earth on Earth Day, such as clean air (CO2 is clean air) and clean water.

When you celebrate Earth Day 2019 look up to the sky. If there are any clouds, especially cumulus clouds, look how they form, change and dissipate, and marvel that they are the regulators of the climate so we never have to worry about a thermal runaway, no matter what level of CO2. We will have another ice age though, but more CO2 will delay its onset.

When the real cool-down occurs, we will have to produce a lot more energy than now, otherwise we will all be doomed. Increased CO2 levels only slows town the onset of the next ice age. In addition there is not enough free carbon left in the world to carry us through. Only Thorium based nuclear energy ( https://lenbilen.com/2017/07/14/twenty-two-reasons-to-rapidly-develop-thorium-based-nuclear-power-generation/ )

or maybe fusion energy will have a chance of carrying us through.

April 21, read through the Bible in a year.

Continuing with the Acts of the Apostles and two chapters in 1 Samuel.

April 21: Acts 2, 1 Samuel 3, 1 Samuel 4  (click on the chapter to begin reading)

Acts 2, at the day of Pentecost the Holy Spirit arrived, and that day was at least 15 different tongues spoken. Peter stood up and delivered his first sermon, a powerful one with about 3000 new converts. These were good times and the believers were in good fellowship with each other.

1 Samuel 3 tells of Samuel’s first prophecy, a prophesy against Eli and his sons, for Eli failed to restrain them.

1 Samuel 4, the Philistines capture the Ark of God. Soon after Eli died,  and Phineas died and his wife gave birth to Ichabod, which means “No Glory” for the glory had departed from Israel.