The need to develop Thorium based Nuclear Energy as the major electric energy supply. 23. With Molten Salt Reactors, a catastrophe like Fukushima cannot happen..

With Molten Salt Reactors, a catastrophe like Fukushima cannot happen.  It began with a magnitude 9.0 earthquake not far from the Fukushima 6 Nuclear reactor complex. The impact was a magnitude 6.8 earthquake and the operators immediately scrammed the safety rods to stop all the reactors. This succeeded! The reactors were designed with earthquakes in mind, and they passed the test. The backup power started up successfully so the cooling pumps could operate. There was one major problem though. The earthquake was so bad that the water in the spent fuel holding tanks splashed out and exposed the spent fuel rods to air.

Image result for fukushima reactor design

The water pumps worked for a while, but then came the tsunami. All the reactors were inside a tsunami wall, so far, so good. But the fuel storage tanks for the backup power generators were outside the tsunami wall and were washed away. The batteries were only supposed to last until backup power was established, and with water circulation ended the meltdown started. This disaster was even bigger than Chernobyl and contamination is still spreading.

 

 

June 20, read through the Bible in a year.

Today, we are reading  one chapter of 1 Corinthians and three chapters in second Chronicles.

June 20: 1 Corinthians 8, 2 Chronicles 7, 2 Chronicles 8, 2 Chronicles 9 (click on the chapter to begin reading)

1 Corinthians 8, Paul gives practical advise: Don’t be a stumbling block to the weak.

2 Chronicles 7, Solomon dedicates the Temple, and God appears to Solomon a second time, promising “ If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.

2 Chronicles 8 lists more of Solomon’s achievements.

2 Chronicles 9, the Queen of Sheba praises Solomon,” the one half of the greatness of thy wisdom was not told me: for thou exceedest the fame that I heard.” Then it goes on listing Solomon’s wealth and splendor, ending with his recorded death.

June 19, read through the Bible in a year.

Today, we are reading  one chapter of 1 Corinthians and two chapters in 2 Chronicles.

June 19: 1 Corinthians 7, 2 Chronicles 5, 2 Chronicles 6  (click on the chapter to begin reading)

1 Corinthians 7. This chapter deals with marriage principles, it is good to remain celibate, but for most of us, keep your marriage vows, live as you are called. Divorce is always wrong, but if you do, continue unmarried. If separation is by death you are free to marry, as long as it is another believer.

2 Chronicles 5, the ark was brought into the Temple, and the glory of the LORD filled the Temple.

2 Chronicles 6  records Solomon’s speech when the work was completed and Solomon’s prayer of dedication.

The need to develop Thorium based Nuclear Energy as the major electric energy supply. 22. With a Molten Salt Reactor, accidents like Chernobyl are impossible.

With a Molten Salt Reactor, accidents like Chernobyl are impossible. The Three Mile Island accident was bad. The Chernobyl disaster was ten million times worse. Ah yes, I remember it  well.

One morning at work, a fellow co-worker, a Ph.D. Chemist working on an Electron Capture Detector, containing a small amount of Nickel 63, came with a surprising question: You know nuclear science, how come the reactors in Chernobyl don’t have a containment vessel? Well- I answered, it is because they are carbon moderated and their failure mode is that they go prompt critical, and  no containment vessel in the world can hold it in, so they skip it. He turned away in disgust. A few weeks later my wife’s father died, and we went to Denmark to attend the funeral. The day of the return back to the U.S. we heard that there had been a nuclear incident in Sweden, too much radiation had caused two nuclear power stations to close down. The Chernobyl disaster had happened 26 April 1986, and this was the first time anyone outside of Chernobyl has heard about it, two days later. This was still the Soviet Union, and nothing ever did go wrong in it worthy of reporting.

Image result for the chernobyl disaster

(Photo Courtesy of EBRD)

(But the carbon moderated Uranium reactors are the most efficient in producing Pu-239 the preferred nuclear bomb material.)

This has nothing to do with anything, but Chernobyl can be translated wormwood. It is mentioned in the Bible, Revelation 8: 10-11 “ And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters; And the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.

Molten Salt Thorium reactors cannot be used to supply bomb material, and they are far safer than even Light water Uranium reactors.

June 18, read through the Bible in a year.

Today, we are reading  one chapter of 1 Corinthians and four chapters in 2 Chronicles.

June 18: 1 Corinthians 6, 2 Chronicles 1, 2 Chronicles 2, 2 Chronicles 3, 2 Chronicles 4  (click on the chapter to begin reading)

1 Corinthians 6. Solve your disputes among yourselves, do not sue the brethren. Stay away from all sexual immorality, glorify God in body and spirit. A piece of Godly advice: “Flee fornication.

2 Chronicles 1. Solomon asks for wisdom, he gets it and more, economic and military power.

2 Chronicles 2. Solomon Prepares to build the temple, takes inventory of all things collected and tallies the number of constricted aliens to do the work.

2 Chronicles 3. Solomon did build the temple to man’s standard, six hands to a cubit. He even used gold nails instead of iron nails in the ceiling, far more gold than was called for in the tabernacle.

2 Chronicles 4 contains a listing of the temple furnishings.

 

The need to develop Thorium based Nuclear Energy as the major electric energy supply. 21. With a Molten Salt Reactor, accidents like the Three Mile Island disaster will not happen.

With a Molten Salt Reactor, accidents like the Three Mile Island disaster will not happen. Ah yes, I remember it well, March 28, 1979. We lived in South East Pennsylvania at the time, well outside the evacuation zone, but a fellow engineer at work took off, took vacation and stayed at a hotel in western Virginia over the weekend fearing a nuclear explosion. My wife went to a retreat just outside the evacuation zone, and none of them so much as heard of any problem, there never was any evacuation. There was concern though, and a disaster it was indeed with a partial meltdown of the core, rendering the installation a total loss, just a big, forever cleanup bill. The cost so far has totaled over 2 billion dollars.

A combination of personnel error, design deficiencies, and component failures caused the TMI accident, which permanently changed both the nuclear industry and the NRC. Public fear and distrust increased, NRC’s regulations and oversight became broader and more robust, and management of the plants was scrutinized more carefully. Careful analysis of the accident’s events identified problems and led to permanent and sweeping changes in how NRC regulates its licensees – which, in turn, has reduced the risk to public health and safety.

The side effect of increased regulation is increased cost and delay in construction of new nuclear plants. Eventually, more than 120 reactor orders were cancelled, and the construction of new reactors ground to a halt. Of the 253 nuclear power reactors originally ordered in the United States from 1953 to 2008, 48 percent were canceled.

Another side effect of the TMI accident is fear of trying a different and safer approaches, since they conflict with existing regulations. The next Nuclear power reactor came online in 2016, but it is the same type of boiling water reactor as before, not a Molten Salt Thorium reactor with its increased safety.

 

June 17, read through the Bible in a year.

Today, we are reading  one chapter of 1 Corinthians and two chapters in 1 Chronicles.

June 17: 1 Corinthians 5, 1 Chronicles 28, 1 Chronicles 29 (click on the chapter to begin reading)

1 Corinthians 5. This is a stern chapter. Paul reminds the Corinthians that immorality defiles the church. Immorality must be judged, and somebody that continues to so do must be expelled.

1 Chronicles 28, David instructs Solomon how to build the Temple, complete with promises and warnings for the future.

1 Chronicles 29 begins with a long list of offerings for building the temple, then is recorded David’s praise to God, after which Solomon is anointed king and finally records the close of David’s reign.